It is a common assumption that illicit distribution of video footage from live events negatively affects those who have paid for a ticket by reducing the value of their experience, particularly visible when commercial organizations restrict this practice. However, the

Old fandom—in the context of this article, fandom from before the rise of microblogging platforms like Tumblr and Twitter—was a very different place by virtue of being hosted on journaling platforms like LiveJournal or individual domains like GeoCities. The structure

OAPEN Library – Productive Fandom This cosplay-centric book on fandom by Dr. Nicolle Lamerichs is free to download and read. Blurb: This book offers a media ethnography of the digital culture, conventions, and urban spaces associated with fandoms, arguing that