When [E.L] James erased her fan fiction from online fan archives, she deleted a part of the cultural heritage of her fellow fans to the detriment of their community, and she denied the explicitly communal nature of the authorship of her work—what Mel Stanfill describes as fan culture’s “acknowledged context of collaboration through beta reading, feedback on in-progress work, fanon formation, and other practices.” James also robbed her own text of much of its potential impact on readers.

De Kosnik, Abigail. 2015. ‘Fifty Shades and the Archive of Women’s Culture’. Cinema Journal 54 (3): 116–25. https://doi.org/10.1353/cj.2015.0037.
On 50 Shades and Publishing Fic
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