On fans and Twitter:

[…] [T]he entire spectrum of fandom uses Twitter as an online space to bridge the problematic speciations of resistant versus complicit, as well as the increasingly inapplicable, even meaningless ‘fan/creator’ separation. Such spaces foster ample material all along that spectrum

Yet it is precisely users’ inability to establish effective boundaries on Tumblr that has led to the ongoing and still hotly contested diversification of fandom participation and expression. Tumblr-enabled fandom cross-fertilization—what Matt Hills (2015) calls transfandom—has contributed to the growth

As television outlets have proliferated through cable and streaming services, programming, both for adults and teens, has increasingly explored controversial and sensitive issues. Simultaneously, online fandom and social media engagement surrounding television has also proliferated, thus raising questions as to